In the UK, we expect access to a reliable supply of energy at all times. The energy sector – generation, transmission and distribution – is evolving to maintain security of supply, to meet carbon reduction targets and to adapt to the impacts of a changing climate. As energy sector assets have long operational lifetimes, addressing these issues can be challenging.
The UK Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA) 2017 identified the main climate risks to infrastructure as:
- extreme rainfall events leading to river and surface water flooding
- coastal flooding and erosion
- drought leading to low water levels for abstraction
- weather-related disruption from storms and high winds
Other risks include:
- heat related damage to energy infrastructure
- forced reductions in energy transmission efficiency due to higher temperatures
Coastal sites are vulnerable to erosion and rising sea levels, while renewable energy targets present challenges as many renewable energy generation facilities are weather-dependent.
Most sectors are dependent on the reliable provision of energy, while the energy sector relies on, for example, the ICT sector to allow control and communications. These interdependencies will increase in the future, adding complexity to risk analysis and the decision-making process.
- ARCoES – looking at the threats to energy supply from coastal flooding and erosion with particular emphasis on the UK nuclear energy sector and regional energy supply issues.
- ARIES – assessing the resilience of the UK gas and electricity systems to ensure a balance between changing patterns of demand and supply.
- CLUES – assessing the development of decentralised energy systems in urban areas in the light of national decarbonisation and urban sustainability goals
- ITRC / MISTRAL – considering the energy sector within the overall national infrastructure system looking at performance, risks and interdependencies.
- Land of the MUSCos – to understand the current opportunities and barriers to Multiple Utility Service Companies development, and to realistically model the socio-technical systemic changes required for a true MUSCo expansion.
- Liveable Cities – delivering global and societal well-being through radical engineering solutions, while adhering to a low-carbon, resource secure future.
- LoHCool – investigating and developing strategies to reduce CO2 emissions from space heating and cooling in typical urban buildings, working in China and the UK.
- MaRIUS – developing a risk-based approach to managing drought and water scarcity in the UK, the project aims to understand drought impacts from household through to institutional level.
- Realising Transition Pathways – exploring how to achieve a transition that addresses the simultaneous delivery of low carbon, secure and affordable energy services.
- RESNET – analysing, at the national scale, climate-related changes in the reliability of the UK’s electricity system and assessing adaptation options to enhance resilience.